Cairo. Egypt. View of shoppers and people along a main street at the Khan al-khalili, one of the largest bazaars souks in the Middle East and a major tourist attraction. Dating back to the 14th century the Khan al-khalili is a medieval labyrinth of spice scented narrow canvas covered streets and a vast oriental collection of shops, stalls and market selling a multitude of goods. Cairo the capital of Egypt is the largest city in Africa and the Arab world and is the 16th largest metropolitan area in the world.