Phaistos. Crete. Greece. View of the remains of the monumental Propylaea, the most impressive entrance to the new palace (1700-1450 BC). The portico consists of a central column – only the base is preserved today, flanked by pilasters. There followed a solid wall with a double opening and a colonnade of three columns. The floor of the Propylaea complex was paved with gypsum slabs which gave it a sumptuous appearance. The colonnade opened onto a large open-air light well through which rainwater drained away. The Minoan palatial city of Phaistos or Phaestos was the second most important Minoan palatial city in Crete after Knossos and is situated in central southern Crete in the Iraklio prefecture. Crete is Greece’s largest island and the fifth largest island in the Mediterranean.