Rhodes. Greece. The ruins of the 3rd century BC temple to Athena on the acropolis at Ancient Kameiros. Set idyllically on the west coast of Rhodes Island, the remains of Ancient Kameiros ascend a terraced pine covered hillside set against the blue waters of the Aegean Sea. The ancient city was founded by Althaemenes of Crete and was a thriving Classical Greek city during the 5th century BC; however successive earthquakes led to it being finally abandoned and buried by a massive earthquake 142 BC. Rediscovered in 1859 when villages uncovered a few tombs and the city ruins provide a glimpse of the balance and serenity of urban planning in Hellenistic Greece. The island of Rhodes is the largest of the Dodecanese Island group and one of the most popular Greek Islands.