Rhodes. Greece. General view of the archaeological site of Ancient Kameiros, set idyllically on the west coast of Rhodes Island. The ancient city was founded by Althaemenes of Crete and was a thriving Classical Greek city during the 5th century BC; however successive earthquakes led to it being finally abandoned and buried by a massive earthquake 142 BC. Rediscovered in 1859 when villages uncovered a few tombs and the city ruins provide a glimpse of the balance and serenity of urban planning in Hellenistic Greece.