Turkey. Ephesus. View of a re-erected column and some of the foundations and fragments of the Temple of Artemis. The Temple was one of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world. The temple was destroyed and rebuilt several times from 7th century BC up until the 2nd century AD when it was destroyed for the last time by Goths. The Temple built in the Hellenistic era (2nd century BC) was entirely made of marble and unbelievably almost four times the size of the Parthenon in Athens, with each of its 127 Ionic columns being 17.5 metres high. Some sculptures and fragments of the Temple are on display in the British Museum.