Located in the south-east of Syria, the ancient Roman city of Bosra was briefly a Nabatean capital before becoming the prosperous and powerful capital of the Roman province of Syria.
The masonry of the buildings and ruins are distinguished by their black basalt usage which is found throughout the area known as the Horan region of Syria.
The old city has several delightful Roman ruins including the monumental ancient Roman theatre which is one of the largest and best preserved in the Mediterranean.
The famous theatre was built in the second century AD during the reign of Roman Emperor Trajan who was emperor from 98 to 117 AD.
The colossal scaenae frons or stage backdrop of the theatre was three stories high and was adorned with ornate fine Corinthian columns, statues, and sculptured friezes. Unfortunately, only the lower level survives today.
Its cavea which is virtually intact consists of a total of 37 tiers of seating that could accommodate an audience of 15,000 spectators.
The Ancient city of Bosra is a UNESCO World Heritage listed site.
I have also included a few images of the Roman theatre found in the ancient city of Phillippopolis – now known as Shahba. The ancient theatre is small however it is one of the best preserved in Syria. Shahba is about 90 kilometres southeast of Damascus.
All images, text and content are copyright Steven Sklifas.